NFHS-5 Report: Odisha Tops Among States In Urban Open Defecation

Bhubaneswar: Though India was declared Open Defecation Free by the government in 2019, the latest NFHS survey sows that 19% of households in the country do not use any toilet facility.

As per the data of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-5) conducted in 2018-19, access to a toilet facility is lowest in Bihar (62%), followed by Jharkhand (70%) and Odisha (71%).

The survey found that 6% of urban households and 26% of rural households defecated in the open. Of the states with open defecation among urban households, Odisha led with 18.5%, followed by Bihar with 11.6% and Maharashtra with 11.4%.

Similarly in case of rural households, Bihar led with 43.9%, followed by Jharkhand with 41% and Odisha with 37%.

The survey also revealed that 11% of urban households use a shared facility, compared with 7% of rural households.

However, the report said the percentage of households practising open defecation decreased from 39% in 2015-16 to 19% in 2019-21.

The NFHS-5 found that 69% of households use an improved sanitation facility that is not shared with other households and 8% use a facility that would be considered improved if it was not shared.

Access to a toilet facility ranges from 69% among scheduled tribe (ST) households to 93% among households which are not scheduled caste, scheduled tribe, or other backward class households, the surveys report stated.

Get real time updates directly on you device, subscribe now.

Comments are closed.