New Delhi: Although the efficacy of the COVID-19 vaccine in India is likely to remain between 50 to 100 per cent, the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) said they are trying for 100 per cent efficiency, reported IANS.
“We are aiming for 100 per cent efficacy but may land between 50 to 100 per cent. However, it still would be an effective vaccine against the virus,” ICMR Director-General Dr Balram Bhargava said while speaking to media during a press briefing of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare on Tuesday, the report added.
Bhargava further added that as per the World Health Organisation (WHO), a vaccine having above 50 per cent efficacy is acceptable for administration. “100 per cent efficacy is not achieved in vaccines for respiratory viruses,” he said.
The Drugs Controller General of India released draft guidelines for the COVID-19 vaccine on Monday. The 39-page document lists several safety protocols that companies have to follow, including developing adaptive trial designs.
- The vaccine that will go for approval must elicit superior immune responses compared to no vaccination against COVID-19.
- An individual who gets the vaccine should be protected from re-infection for at least a year.
- The regulatory approval for the vaccines will come through only if companies demonstrate 50 per cent efficacy in the primary endpoint or more than 30 per cent efficacy in the secondary endpoints.
- A vaccine has to either prevent or decrease the severity of the disease in at least 50 per cent of people vaccinated.
- Persons who have been infected with the SARS-CoV-2 virus in the past should be included in vaccine testing, as long as they do not have acute COVID-19 or other acute infectious illnesses.